It is estimated that the very first inhabitant arrived in Nevada around 12 thousand years ago. These people were basically food gatherers including fishermen, and hunters for the lakes of Great basin.
Today, a number of early human habitant sites are found, and the most famous among them is said to be Pueblo Grande de Nevada, is also famous by the name Lost City. In recent history, there have been four main Indian groups who have successfully inhabited Nevada, which are Washo, Shoshoni, Northern Paiute, and Southern Paiute.
The first explorer to discover Nevada is believed to be the Spanish priest named Francisco Garces. It was in 1776 that he first entered from the southern most part of Nevada. While in 1826 Peter Skene Ogden penetrated from the northeast Nevada. He was on the exploration mission of the Humblodt River.
In 1850, Mormon Station founded the first permanent settlement, which is not known as western Nevada. This area also became part of Utah in the same year.
After some time Mormon settlements started in the same region and in the Valley of Las Vegas. However, this mission failed in Las Vegas, however the farming communities were successful in the northwest region. At that time the friction between the placers minors and Mormons resulted in political unrest. Majority of the Mormons left in 1857 from western Nevada when Salt Lake City came under threat from the invasion of federal troops.
In 1861, a new Nevada Territory was formed. Just after the gap of 3 years, Nevada achieved statehood on 31st October 1864. However, it was not until 1867, that present boundaries were formed. There were two factors involved in the creation of Nevada, first is the secession of the southern states, and secondly the discovery of the Comstock Lode in 1859. It became a thriving mining center after that it has immense volumes of silver and gold, and as a result thousands of people were attracted towards the region.
The development of Nevada was later on was entirely due to the economic boom of the Comstock. These affairs were led at first by the Bank of California, and later on by John W. Mackay and partners of the “Bonanza Firm”. However, by the time of late 1870s, these ores were exhausted and because of this Nevada went into a depression for almost 20 years. Its people and establishment made a number of effort to get the economy going by encouraging minors and increasing silver value. As a result, the silver party also dominated the state politics for more than a decade.
In early 20th century, after the new discoveries of gold at Goldfield and silver at Tonopah, its economy revived. The latest boom gave way to the major discoveries of copper in eastern Nevada.
There are a number of historic sites that you can discover in Nevada. You can visit many Nevada mines by going underground, you can also tour a historic courthouse and a ghost town in Nevada. This is a great way to look back into the rich history and heritage of the Silver State.
If you move towards the southeast of Reno you will find Virginia City, which is considered to be the largest historic landmarks of the country and is also part of the list of the National Registrar of Historic Places. This town became famous instantly after its mining discoveries of silver in 1859, which is also known by the Comstock Lode. The city is also considered to be the birthplace of Mark Twain. If you have any interest in opera houses then you must visit this place called Piper’s Opera House. Among other attractions is the Virginia and Truckee Railroad. The Fourth Ward School, and the Comstock Gold Mill. You may as well enjoy your stay at the Virginia City’s Gold Hill Hotel in Gold Hill, which is Nevada’s one of the oldest hotels or the newest addition called The Silverland Inn & Suites.
The Caliente Railroad Depot is a also a place worth seeing. You will also admire the Eureka Opera House that is recently restored, and the Eureka County Courthouse. The Old Rawhide Jain in Hawthorne is another must see site. You may as well want to experience the Sherman Station in Elko, the Depot in Lovelock, and the historic mining town of Goldfield. In Wells, you will find another historic place to visit called the Seventh Street Historic District. There is another historic place known as the 1935 Reno Arch that is hard to miss.
Nevada is a place of big cities and remote towns, and it will provide a number of historic places that provides a great insight into its past stories. Besides a number of notable locations, you will observe historical markers on several scenic routes. You will enjoy every moment of this historical place and its wonderful experience will stay fresh in your memories for years to come.